Thailand’s interim parliament has passed a law that bans foreigners from seeking surrogacy services to end a “rent-a-womb” industry that made the Southeast Asian country a top destination for fertility tourism.
Thailand was rocked by several surrogacy scandals last year, including allegations that an Australian couple had abandoned their Down Syndrome baby with his Thai birth mother taking only his healthy twin sister back to Australia with them. Another case involving a Japanese man who fathers at least 16 babies using Thai surrogates turned into a debacle after he was found selling the children for profit, creating a ‘baby factor.’
Thailand has given preliminary approval for a draft law to make commercial surrogacy a crime. The draft passed its first reading in November and became law on Thursday.
“This law aims to stop Thai women’s wombs from becoming the world’s womb. This law bans foreign couples from coming to Thailand to seek commercial surrogacy services,” Wanlop Tankananurak, a member of Thailand’s National Legislative Assembly, told Reuters.
The law bans foreign couples from seeking surrogacy services and stipulates that surrogate mothers must be Thai and over 25.
“The important part is if the couple seeking surrogacy services is Thai or the couple is mixed-race, they can find a Thai woman to be their surrogate providing she is over 25,” he said, adding that violation of the law carries a “severe prison sentence”.
Critics say making commercial surrogacy illegal could push the industry underground, making it harder for patients to access quality physicians and medical care.
Thailand’s junta, known as the National Council for Peace and Order, disbanded the upper house Senate following a May coup and placed all law-making authority in the hands of an interim parliament hand-picked by the military rulers.