Taal Volcano emits 2-km high steam: Phivolcs

In the past 24-hour period, the Taal Volcano Network recorded ten (10) volcanic earthquakes, including two (2) low frequency volcanic earthquakes and eight (8) volcanic tremor events having durations of eight (8) to thirty-seven (37) minutes, and low-level background tremor that has persisted since 08 April 2021.

Activity at the Main Crater consisted of upwelling of hot volcanic fluids in its lake and aseismic steaming that began at 11:00 PM yesterday and is presently generating a voluminous steam plume 2 kilometers high and drifting southwest.

Sulfur dioxide (SO2) emission averaged 3,051 tonnes/day on 20 May 2021. Temperature highs of 71.8°C and pH of 1.59 were last measured from the Main Crater Lake respectively on 04 March and 12 February 2021.

Ground deformation parameters from electronic tilt, continuous GPS and InSAR monitoring continue to record a very slow and steady inflation and expansion of the Taal region that began after the January 2020 eruption. These parameters indicate persistent magmatic activity at shallow depths beneath the edifice.

Alert Level 2 (Increased Unrest) is currently maintained over Taal Volcano, but elevated unrest has been recurring and volcano conditions remain unstable.

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Taal Volcano emits 2-km high steam: Phivolcs

DOST-PHIVOLCS reminds the public that at Alert Level 2, sudden steam-driven or phreatic explosions, volcanic earthquakes, minor ashfall, and lethal accumulations or expulsions of volcanic gas can occur and threaten areas within and around TVI.

DOST-PHIVOLCS strongly recommends that entry must be strictly prohibited into Taal Volcano Island, Taal’s Permanent Danger Zone or PDZ, especially the vicinities of the Main Crater and the Daang Kastila fissure, and occupancy and boating on Taal Lake.

Local government units are advised to continuously assess and strengthen the preparedness of previously evacuated barangays around in case of renewed unrest.

Civil aviation authorities must advise pilots to avoid flying close to the volcano as airborne ash and ballistic fragments from sudden explosions and wind-remobilized ash may pose hazards to aircraft.

DOST-PHIVOLCS is closely monitoring Taal Volcano’s activity and any new significant development will be immediately communicated to all stakeholders.

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